Find out why your dog stinks and what you can do to get rid of the odor once and for all.
When the heat goes up, dog owners look for ways to keep their canines cool. Those with long-haired or thick-coated dogs may consider shaving that coat off in an effort to keep them cooler. However, shaving a dog may not always help them to cope with heat. In some breeds, it can make matters worse.
Whether it is clipping claws, trimming fur, or treating a cut, at some point we all have to look at our dog's paws. Many dogs are sensitive about their paws being touched, and this can make grooming them very difficult. Luckily, there are several easy and gentle ways to overcome this problem.
Taking good care of your dog's nails is very important. If you don't clip your German Shepherd's nails, he could get seriously hurt.
German Shepherds can grow some seriously long nails if you don't trim them. Nail care is essential if you want to avoid tears and even issues with the alignment of their paws. Cutting dog nails is fairly easy if you know how to do it without causing stress or hurting your friend.
Bravecto is a new oral chew for dogs that provides 12 weeks of flea and tick prevention. While it may be effective, Bravecto has a few nasty side effects that might make you think twice before trying this medicine on your beloved pet.
Grooming your canine friend is very important. German Shepherds aren't high maintenance, but they need some basic care. With a simple brush and by cleaning the ears, you are halfway there.
Grooming a dog can and should be simple and enjoyable for both the dog and the groomer.
Bulldogs are adorable, but their wrinkle infections are not. Here are ways to resolve an infection and prevent them in the future.
Whether your dog likes to roll in smelly yard finds or simply has a naturally less than pleasant scent, use these tips to help with dog odor control.
Why you should consider using an electric or battery-powered toothbrush for your dog, and how to train a dog to accept it.
There are many dog brushes and grooming tools on the market, and each has a specific job. Choosing the right tool for a specific type of hair is important for a job well done.
There is a hidden vein called "the quick" inside a dog's nail. Cutting the nails too short and cutting into the quick can cause bleeding. Here's how to cut a dog's nail the right way.
Declare war on the flea for the sake of your pet's health and happiness.
Are you wondering if tomato juice will magically remove skunk odor from your dog? We have investigated the effectiveness of tomato juice for skunk smell and are happy to report our findings.
If your dog is shedding excessively and you are trying to control it, these five methods are sure to help.
This is a step-by-step article for those who would rather cut costs and groom their Bichon Frise themselves.
Naturally, we want to shave our dogs when summer is around the corner, but should we? Here are some important considerations before you grab those clippers.
We love our dogs, but they love to roll in things that smell horrible. Here are ways to get the smell of rotten fish (and other nasty odors) out of your pet.
Grooming a dog can be an owner's challenge in many ways. This article addresses dog grooming concerns, from tips and safety to choosing a pet groomer.
Grooming your dog yourself is a great way to spend time with them and give a quick health check. Here are detailed instructions on how to to clip a King Charles Spaniel at home.
Just like there are certain ways to wash a dog—no matter what breed—there are also proper ways to dry a dog. Here are some tips.
When you allow your dog's nails to grow too long, the quick grows out with the nail. Be careful when you decide to trim those nails to make the quick recede. Trimming overgrown nails may require extra help from your groomer or veterinarian!
This easy-to-follow, DIY technique will help you safely dye your dog's hair or fur at home.
This article contains insider secrets by Dr. Cathy Alinovi about dental care for dogs. It includes tips for proper tooth brushing as well as recommended dental care products and diets.
When do dogs shed the most? The answer to this question is that it varies on several factors. Learn when to expect peak shedding season and how to control it.
If you are the proud owner of a Shih Tzu, you already know what a delightful breed this is. Though they do need to take a bath occasionally to keep their hair looking smooth and beautiful, this guide will help you do so with great care for your beloved furry friend.
There are several things you can do to stop or reduce tear staining without resorting to harsh chemicals and antibiotics.
Homemade dog shampoo and dog wash can be less expensive and gentler on your dog. Here are several great recipes made with easy-to-find, natural ingredients.
Clipping dog nails is one of the most challenging parts of taking care of a dog. Many prefer to bring their pup somewhere, rather than to do it themselves. Here are some great tips to help you learn.
The Siberian Husky is a beautiful, energetic dog that unfortunately can also be a challenge to groom because of their constant shedding. Here is what I have found to be the best way to groom a Siberian Husky.
Learn how to groom an Alaskan Malamute—from bathing to the tools needed to properly care for this double-coated breed's coat.
Ticks are small blood-sucking insects that can carry a host of diseases, including Lyme disease. Learn how to safely remove ticks from dogs using a tool that is made for the job.
Is your dog's coat itchy, dull, and full of dandruff? If so, you may need to help your canine companion. Learn some natural home remedies for dog dandruff.
Is your dog scared of water? Wondering how to give your big dog a bath? Make it fun by using this step-by-step guide and tips!
After trying many things, I finally learned how to prevent red tear stains on my little Maltese. You can, too.
Probably about the hardest part about using a Dremel to trim a dog's nails is getting started. Once you and your dog are used to the routine, using a Dremel is a breeze.
If your dog has tear stains, here is a step by step real life solution by a dog owner who tried everything else that didn't work!
A large, heavy-coated dog like a Newfoundland can be a challenge to bathe. Learn some tips from the experts on getting the job done right!
Here are some tips on how to bathe and groom a Poodle mix.
This article will offer tips on how to care for the hair of your Shih Tzu/Poodle mix puppy.
Does your dog smell like a skunk? If your dog was sprayed by a skunk, learn how to get rid of the smell in a natural way here.
How to dry your dog's hair, which tools to use, and professional grooming tips.
Learn how to groom your pet like a pro by learning these tips and tricks from a professional.
Learn how to safely clip your dog's nails, clean their ears, and techniques for bathtime.
How to choose the shampoo that's best for your dog. What types of shampoo are out there, and when, why, and how should you use them? This article is a guide to which shampoo is best for your purposes.
Dog groomers can give simple haircuts or fancier ones, upon request. Learn how to describe various cuts, such as the adorable teddy bear cut, to your groomer so your dog will come out looking sharp!
Here, we will be discussing different types of scissors and clippers. I hope you learn a lot about choosing the correct tools for your pet and what is worth your money. Read on to find out how to properly use scissors and clippers.
This article will cover the many misconceptions about ear cropping in dogs.
Tail docking should be only justified if backed up by medical reasons. Having a puppy undergo a tail docking procedure for just cosmetic reasons is unacceptable. Learn more about tail docking and why it has been banned in some countries.
- 1 Reasons for grooming
- 2 Tools and supplies
- 2.1 Types of brushes and combs
- 2.2 Other supplies
- 3 Bathing
- 4 Hair removal
- 4.1 Hand stripping
- 5 Nail trimming
- 6 Creative
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Grooming is a vital part in the well-being and healthiness of a dog, which can improve its quality of life. How much grooming a dog needs depends on its breed, age, and health. Regular grooming helps to ensure the dog is healthy and comfortable. While many dogs shed, others such as the poodle, do not shed as profusely and require grooming every 4-8 weeks. 
The main reasons for daily grooming include:
- decreased chance of various health problems, such as thrush, scratches, and other skin problems
- general cleanliness of the dog
- monitoring of the dog's health by checking for cuts, hot spots, swelling, lameness, or changes in temperament, all of which could be indicative of illness
- forging of a closer bond between dog and owner
- reducing infestation load of external parasites on skin
- avoid matting that can potentially cause health concerns like skin irritation or the entrapment of harmful bacteria in the coat 
Types of brushes and combs Edit
- Curry or curry brush: A tool made of rubber or plastic with short "teeth." The tool is rubbed (or "curried") over the dog's coat to loosen dirt, hair, and other detritus, and stimulate the skin into producing natural oils. They are more commonly used on dogs that have large amounts of shedding, like German Shepherds. They are also used for untangling knots in certain parts of the dog's body, such as ears, paws, or tail. Using a currycomb must be done carefully, as the action of this type of tool can harm the skin of the dog if pulled too hard.
- Shedding blade: A metal blade (or "sweat scraper") with short, dull teeth that is used to remove dead hair from certain types of harsh coats, as well as remove matted fur. The shedding blade is not used to cut the hair.
- Slicker brush: A brush with fine, short wires close together on a flat surface. It is used on medium-to-long-haired or curly-haired dogs to remove mats. Slicker brushes are typically used after primarily brushing with a bristle or a wire pin brush. They are used to smooth the coat and to take out mats and tangles. They consist of fine wire pins that are secured to a flat base. The pins are bent at an angle approximately halfway down the pin. For heavier and thicker coats, it is recommended to use a brush with stiffer pins. This type of brush comes in a wide range of sizes and degrees of pin stiffness.
- Rake: Brush designed to penetrate into a dog's thick coat and remove tangles and dead undercoat near the dog's skin. It is often shaped like a shaving razor and features one or two rows of tightly-spaced pins. Rakes are important grooming tools, especially for double-coated dogs, such as Newfoundlands or Siberian Huskies.
- Bristle brush: One of the most widely used types of brushes due to its versatility. Typically, the bristle brush is used on dogs with long coats to finish the coat and to bring out the natural lustre and shine. It is commonly used in daily grooming, as it removes surface dust and dirt. It is important to note that bristle brushes are a finishing tool they generally do not penetrate the coat. Dogs brushed with a bristle brush only will frequently appear well groomed but will be matted beneath the outer layer. As a general rule, longer and widely spaced bristles are suitable for dogs with longer coats, and shorter and tightly-packed ones are better to use on dogs with short hair.
- Wire pin brush: Has an oval shape and metal bristles set in a flexible rubber base. Useful in separating and untangling the hair of long, wiry, wavy, and curly coated dogs. Some wire pin brushes have polished or coated pins, which prevent scratching the dog's skin during use. Because the coating or polish may wear off over time, the pins should be replaced periodically. Pin brushes come in a variety of sizes, textures, and fullness.
- Combination pin/bristle brush: has two different sides - one with bristles, which can be successfully used for grooming the short hair areas of the coat, and another side with pins that can be used for long-coated and double-coated dogs.
- Mat comb: Designed to 'cut' matted hair from the dog's coat without leaving a bald spot.
- Stripping combs/knives: Tools used to help grab the longer hairs on a harsh coat and pull them out by the root. Helps maintain a proper coat in many terriers and schnauzers. Most often used on show dogs.
Other supplies Edit
- Shears and clippers: Cutting tools used to remove/shorten hair on certain types of coats or from sensitive areas. Not all types of coats are suitable for clipping, i.e. double coats on breeds such as Border Collies, which should not be clipped unless the dog is matted. The typical pair of shears for dog grooming is between 6.5 and 9 inches long, longer than human hair dressing shears. Some are designed with a blunt tip to prevent any injuries due to movement.
- Stand dryers, cage driers, and hand driers: Used to dry the dog's coat. Drying a dog with a dryer designed for humans is not recommended, as it may cause scalp irritation, dry skin, or skin sores.
- Shampoos and conditioners: Owners are recommended to use only shampoos, conditioners, and rinses that are especially designed for dogs.
- Grooming tables: Tables that provide a secure and productive environment for grooming, but many single dog owners can avoid this expense by simply using what is available in the home. They are normally used by professional groomers and owners who have dogs that enter competitive shows.
Dogs can be bathed in a sink, walk-in shower, or bathtub they can even be bathed outside using a garden hose, provided that the water is sufficiently warm enough to prevent hypothermia. Dogs should be bathed with warm water, as hot water can scald the skin. Dogs with a heavy or matted coat should never be bathed without first being completely brushed out or clipped of any mats.
Many types of shampoos and conditioners formulated for dogs are available. For dense and double-coated dogs, pre-mixing the shampoo with water will help ensure a more even distribution of the shampoo.  Do not lather the head, as grooming products can be irritating if they come in contact with the eyes. Additionally, excess water may become trapped in the ear canal, leading to secondary ear infections.  Fully rinse the dog after shampooing, as residual chemicals may become irritating to the skin. Most dogs do not require frequent bathing shampooing a coat too often can strip the coat of its natural oils, causing it to dry out. 
Dental care is very important and can be addressed while grooming. The dental kits available on the market include everything from special toothpaste to toothbrushes. Many models of toothbrushes include a flexible three-head design, which maintains the proper pressure on all surfaces of the tooth with every stroke. These brushes have side bristles set at 45-degree angles to reduce arm twisting and soft outer bristles for massaging the gums. Toothpaste designed to be used on dogs is usually sugar free toothpaste with different flavoring. Foaming or rinsing is not necessary.
Finishing touches can be added with finishing supplies, including perfumed sprays, ribbons and many other accessories.
The coats of many breeds require trimming, cutting, or other attention. Styles vary by breed and discipline. While some hair removal has its origins in practical purposes, much is based on the taste of the owner, whether or not the dog will be shown, and what work the dog does.
The rubber grooming gloves and dog brushes are intended to drag loose hair from the short-coated dogs and are some of the most popular grooming tools amongst pet owners. They are easy to use by massaging the coat in firm strokes, and have the advantage of being suitable for both wet and dry coats.
Some breeds of dog, such as the Lhasa Apso, do not shed, but have hair that grows constantly. As such, the fur around the legs and belly can get very long and become matted, and the hair around the eyes can impair the dog's vision. In such circumstances, hair trimming can be performed to keep the eyes clear and keep the coat free of knots.
Hand stripping Edit
Stripping or hand-stripping is the process of pulling the dead hair out of the coat of a non-shedding dog, either by using a stripping knife or the fingers. A hard, wiry coat has a cycle where it starts growing and then sheds as it reaches maximum length. Hand-stripping coordinates the shedding and makes room for a new coat to grow. Stripping is the proper grooming method for most terriers, spaniels, and many other breeds. The hair is removed with either a stripping knife or stripping stone, with the top coat removed to reveal the dense, soft undercoat. If done correctly, the procedure is painless. Many dogs are reported to enjoy having their hair stripped, especially when they are introduced to it as puppies.
Nail trimming is essential for maintaining good health. If a dog's nails are allowed to grow, they will curl over into a spiral shape walking will become increasingly painful. Uncut nails may curl so far that they pierce the paw pad, leading to infection and debilitating pain. Long nails can put pressure on the toe joints, even causing the joints of the forelimb to be realigned. This can cause the animal to have unequal weight distribution and be more prone to injuries. Longer nails are also more likely to be forcibly ripped or torn off, causing serious pain to the animal. 
It becomes increasingly difficult to maneuver nail clippers between the paw pad and tip of the nail as the nails grow longer. Owners may choose to trim nails themselves or may opt to take their pet to a groomer or veterinarian.
Nail trimming is done with a nail clipper. In addition, handheld rotary tools are often used to smooth sharp edges caused by nail clippers.  There are two main types of nail clippers: guillotine trimmers and standard scissor- and plier-style trimmers. Guillotine trimmers have a hole at the end through which the dog's nail is inserted then, as the handles of the tool are squeezed together, an internal blade lops off the end of the nail. The scissor-style trimmer is most effective on nails that have grown too long and are now in the shape of a circle or coil. 
Additional options that some groomers provide include services such as colouring dogs' fur and painting dogs' nails. 
While traditional grooming achieves to conform with breed standards set by the official breed associations, creative grooming heads to the opposite direction, creating a unique, sometimes exquisite look. 
The lighter version of creative grooming is known as pet tuning and is more owner-oriented, adjusting the pets' visual appearance to their owners' amusement or life style, while the creative grooming is more of an art form, therefore more artist (groomer) oriented.
"One of the first indications that all is not well inside is a change of hair coat and skin. Also check for lumps, bumps, and overall body condition." -- Bernadine Cruz, DVM
Find more articles, browse back issues, and read the current issue of "WebMD the Magazine."
Bernadine Cruz, DVM, Laguna Hills Animal Hospital, Laguna Hills, Calif.
ASPCA: "Saving Money on Pet Care."
The Humane Society of the United States: "Pet Ownership Statistics in the United States."
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