Did you know that our pets also have vision problems, and that they need to visit an ophthalmologist - more specifically, a veterinary ophthalmologist. Yes, it is the veterinarians who are dedicated to taking specific care of the health of your pets' eyes. And if you have those pets with "eyes", like dogs of breeds like Shi Tzu, Lhasa Apso, Pug or Persian cats, among others; I recommend that you read this article to the end.
It would be important for such breeds to visit their trusted veterinarian and find out if they do not need to go through a veterinary ophthalmologist. The evaluation of the quality of vision of the animals is a little subjective, because we do not count on the collaboration of our pets to say if they are seeing well or badly. Let alone knowing how many degrees they have of myopia, farsightedness or astigmatism. And if anyone has any doubts, we don't recommend putting glasses on them either; but there are specific tests that help to assess whether our beloved pets have their vision in order or not.
With the advancement of veterinary medicine, new resources became available for use in pets, and what was previously exclusive to humans, is now routine in the offices of veterinary ophthalmologists. Have you ever heard of tonometry, slit lamp, fundus examination, electroretinogram, ocular ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging? These are tests that are already routinely performed to detect eye diseases, both in terms of prevention and treatment of diseases.
But don't worry if you've never heard of these tests or don't know what they're for. That's what we're here for. To clarify and help you become better able to early detect any eye disease in your pet - after all, you are the "father" or "mother" of a little animal, you must be the first to notice if something is wrong - stay tuned for the following tips:
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First of all, all dogs and cats can develop eye disease - after all, it is enough to have the eyes for that - however, some breeds are the most predisposed to this type of problem. All “flattened” dogs, for example, should be given special attention; and in this we speak of animals of breeds such as Boxer, Shi Tzu, Lhasa apso, Pekingese, Pug, English Bulldog, French Bulldog and Boston Terrier, among others.
But here we can also mention some breeds that do not have a flattened snout, but frequent the doctor's office veterinary ophthalmologist, which are Poodles, Cockers, Rotweillers, Saint Bernard, Shar Pei and Chow-Chow - so pay attention to them. But we must not forget our feline friends, and for them the same rule also applies: the flattened snout - the most affected are the Persians.
Wow, but what problems do they have so much? Calm! Before we list the diseases, we think it is more important that you know the signs and symptoms; and it is up to you (owner, parent of your pet) to know how to identify these signs early, so that you can take the pet to your trusted veterinarian. He is the right person to treat your pet's eyes and, when necessary, call or refer the animal to an ophthalmologist veterinarian.
Without further ado, let's name the main signs of an eye disease. So, if you notice one of the signs below, take your pet to a veterinarian without hesitation:
- Blinking the eyes a lot;
- You can't open your eyes;
- Watering a lot (literally, crying a lot);
- Stain in the eyes;
- Very red eye;
- Change of color, size or shape of the eyes;
- Pupils of different size;
- Walking bumping into furniture or stumbling (you may be blind!);
- Night or day blindness (And does it matter if our pet is blind during the day or at night? Believe me, there is a lot of difference);
- Secretion in the eyes (remela);
- Intolerance to bright environments;
- Very red or irritated eyelids.
Have you ever looked at your pet? Did you notice any of these signs? Take it to your veterinarian to evaluate. After all, many of the eye diseases they are silent and, when they are perceived, it may already be too late, leading the animal to blindness.
If your veterinarian thinks the problem is serious, he will certainly refer you to a veterinarian who specializes in ophthalmology and, normally, he will perform a good part of those tests that we mentioned earlier. We will briefly explain a part of the diagnostic tests specific to veterinary ophthalmology.
Did you know that our pets also have glaucoma (which is the increase in intraocular pressure)? It is precisely to measure this pressure that the test called tonometry exists. If we need to evaluate the ocular surface, for example, there is a device called a slit lamp - which magnifies the image of the place several times, making it possible to identify corneal lesions lowercase with precision.
If the problem is inside the eye (where it is not possible to evaluate it through clinical examinations), an ocular ultrasound is requested. If the dog is suddenly blind, it is possible to request an electroretinogram - which is the test that evaluates an important structure of the eye called the retina. Did you know that elderly people have a lot of retinal problems? So, our old pets also have and need to be evaluated. When there is a suspicion of disease behind the eyes, for example, we already have the MRI to examine our animals - clarifying (with millimeter accuracy) the presence of any problem in that region.
Briefly, we will cite some examples of main ophthalmic problems presented by our adorable pets:
- Keratoconjunctivitis dry (popularly called “dry eye”): it is when the tear is being produced in an insufficient or inadequate manner.
- Glaucoma: where we have an increase in intraocular pressure, leaving the eye enlarged.
- Cataract: it is famous for the whitish appearance that leaves the eye and, in many animals, has associated diabetes.
- Conjunctivitis: especially when it occurs in cats, redness and swelling around the eyes is noticeable.
- Eyelid and eyelash diseases: causes irritation and a lot of pain in the eyes.
- Corneal Ulcer: triggered due to an injury due to different causes.
Have you examined your pet today? No? Get started right away, and if you notice something you’ve read in our article, take your pet for an evaluation with a veterinarian. Do you want to know more about the health of our pets? Keep accessing the portal our portal to stay on top of your pet's main problems and, at the same time, find the solution for all of them.
- Dog Health
- veterinary specialties, veterinary eye doctor, veterinary ophthalmologist, veterinary ophthalmologist for dogs and cats, eyes for dogs and cats
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