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Belgian Shepherd Dog: The Four Types


Malinois, Groenendael, Tervueren and Laekenois - these are the four variations in which a Belgian Shepherd can appear. The four types differ particularly visually. Tervueren and Groenendael, two types of the Belgian Shepherd Dog - Image: Shutterstock / Rolf Klebsattel

This breed has been around since the 19th century. At that time, four different types of Belgian shepherd developed. The best known is the Malinois - optically it is closest to its relative, the German Shepherd Dog. A Belgian shepherd dog of this type has short, light fur and a darker mask.

Belgian Shepherd Malinois: herding and cattle dog

The best known of the four types was originally bred as a herding dog. Today he is kept primarily as a service or sports dog. For example, the Malinois is used a lot in the police, military and customs sectors because of its work enthusiasm and intelligence.

The Laekenois, another variant of the working dog, is also short-haired, but with a rough coat. He is the rarest representative of the Belgian Shepherd breed. In essence, the Laekenois - like all types - resembles the Malinois.

Belgian Shepherd Dog: Active family dog

Tervueren and Groenendael: Long-haired German Shepherds

Tervueren and Groenendael are the long-haired subspecies of the Belgian Shepherd Dog. The color of the Tervueren is similar to that of the Malinois: the overall coat is relatively light - mostly tending to reddish brown - and its mask black, while the Groenendael is completely black. Like the other two species, these four-legged friends are smart, able to learn, but also fond of children. It is not for nothing that they are popular family dogs. But a specific task also helps them: They can be used as watchdogs, alternatively dog ​​sports such as agility are available.