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Find the right dog breed: Which dog suits me?


Finding the right dog breed is not that easy. Around 340 recognized dog breeds make the choice a pain. Here are a few tips for buying a dog. Image: Shutterstock / Utekhina Anna

The most urgent question that burns all two-legged friends with the desire for a four-legged friend at the side is: Which dog breed suits me? It is important that you inform yourself about the breeds in advance.

Finding the right dog breed: important considerations

To find the right dog breed for you, you should above all be honest with yourself. A look at your own living conditions can provide information as to whether you should opt for a sedentary greyhound or a cozy bulldog.

With around 340 recognized breeds, there is a high probability of finding a dog that suits the nature of each person. To get an overview, it can help to look at the FCI system of dog breeds, which assigns all recognized breeds to one of ten groups.

For example, there are herding dogs, hunting dogs, retrievers or companion dogs. Since the four-legged friends were originally bred for their intended purpose - such as hunting, herding a herd or guarding the yard - such pedigree dogs will quickly become under-challenged if they are not properly employed.

Tip: If you choose a hunting dog that you cannot hunt, for example, dog sport can provide an appropriate balance. The same applies to herding dogs that you cannot use as such. However, this does not work for all breeds - so find out in advance about your desired dog.

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Overview of the dog breeds in the FCI system

As already mentioned, a look at the division of the races into groups and sections helps with the choice. The FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) has created a system for this, which you can use if you want to buy a pedigree dog:

Group 1: herding dogs and cattle dogs (without Swiss mountain dogs)
Section 1: German Shepherds
Section 2: Cattle dogs

Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoids - Swiss Mountain Dogs and other breeds
Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer
1.1 Pinscher
1.2 Schnauzer
1.3 Smoushond
1.4 Russian black terrier

Section 2: Molossoids
2.1 Great Dane dogs
2.2 Mountain dogs

Section 3: Swiss Mountain Dogs

Group 3: Terriers
Section 1: Terrier Terriers
Section 2: Terrible Terriers
Section 3: Bull-like Terriers
Section 4: Dwarf Terriers

Group 4: Dachshunds
Section 1: Dachshund

Group 5: tip and type dogs
Section 1: Nordic sled dogs
Section 2: Nordic hunting dogs
Section 3: Nordic guard and herding dogs
Section 4: European leadership
Section 5: Asian lace and related breeds
Section 6: archetype
Section 7: Original type - dogs for hunting use

Group 6: hounds, welding dogs and related breeds
Section 1: Hounds
1.1 Large hounds
1.2 Medium sized dogs
1.3 Small hounds

Section 2: welding dogs
Section 3: Related races

Group 7: Pointing dogs
Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs
1.1 "Braque" type
1.2 Type "Spaniel"
1.3 Type "Griffon"

Section 2: British and Irish Pointing Dogs
2.1 Pointer
2.2 setters

Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing dogs - Water dogs
Section 1: Retrievers
Section 2: Flushing Dogs
Section 3: Water dogs

Group 9: companion and service dogs

Section 1: Bichons and related breeds
1.1 Bichons
1.2 Coton de Tuléar
1.3 Petit chien lion

Section 2: Poodle
Section 3: Small Belgian dog breeds
3.1 Griffons
3.2 Petit Brabancon

Section 4: Hairless Dogs
Section 5: Tibetan dog breeds
Section 6: Chihuahueño
Section 7: English Society Spaniel
Section 8: Japanese Spaniel and Pekingese
Section 9: Continental Dwarf Spaniel
Section 10: Kromfohrländer
Section 11: Small mastiff-like dogs

Group 10: sighthounds
Section 1: Long-haired or feathered greyhounds
Section 2: Shaggy greyhounds
Section 3: Short-haired greyhounds

(Source: FCI breed nomenclature)

Tips for finding the right dog breed

So that you can be happy with your four-legged friend in the long term, it is essential that you think honestly about your own life circumstances. You can therefore turn the question asked at the beginning: Which dog breed do I fit?

Because a human couch potato will never be happy with an unduly overwhelmed husky, just as an enthusiastic jogger cannot encourage a pug to join in. Tip: So find out exactly what the traits are assigned to the different breeds and compare your own with them.

You can read which dog breeds are particularly popular in Germany in the following article:

The most popular dog breeds in Germany

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