Epileptic seizures in dogs can be triggered by various underlying diseases. Possible causes are poisoning, organ diseases or metabolic disorders. If the veterinarian finds such a cause, he treats it and thus the origin of the epileptic seizures that should no longer occur afterwards.
If he does not find a trigger for the disease, there is primary epilepsy, the causes of which lie in the nerve cells of the brain. Secondary epilepsy is unfortunately not curable, but the veterinarian can reduce the symptoms with medication and prepare the pet owner for behavior in the event of a seizure.
Dogs with epilepsy: drug treatment
It is necessary to give dogs with epilepsy relatively quick veterinary treatment, as the symptoms of an untreated illness can worsen over time and complications such as respiratory arrest can significantly worsen the dog's prognosis. In order to medicate the dog with medication, the veterinarian uses so-called anti-epileptics.
The dose of these drugs, which show their effect after two to three weeks, is set individually for each animal and checked with regular blood tests. The medication should improve your dog's condition, which means that the seizures become weaker, shorter and less common.
If no improvement can be observed, the veterinarian uses antiepileptics with another active ingredient. He will also give you medication that you can give your dog to ease during the attack. You cannot do anything else in the event of an epileptic seizure, apart from clearing away dangerous objects that could injure your dog.
What is the prognosis for dogs with epilepsy?
The earlier dogs with epilepsy get veterinary treatment, the better, because over time, untreated primary epilepsy will result in more and more nerve cells being affected and seizures becoming stronger and more frequent. The lifelong therapy can ensure that the dog can lead an almost normal dog life, some even become completely symptom-free.
Unfortunately, anti-epileptics also have side effects. From now on, your darling will probably have to deal with fatigue. It is difficult to say what the prognosis looks like for dogs whose epileptic seizures are triggered by another underlying illness or poisoning. The prognosis depends entirely on the severity of the disease and how quickly the dog has received veterinary treatment.